India's population to overtake China's by 2025

Posted: 16 June 2011

India will overtake China in terms of population by 2025, an analysis of the provisional Census, 2011 data suggests. India's population of over 1.2 billion is then expected to have grown to  more than 1.4 billion.

Reporting this, The Hindu newspaper says that with more than 1.2 billion people, India contains about 17.5 per cent of the world's people - meaning that every sixth person on earth is an Indian. China is the only country with a larger population, with 144 million more people.

Traffic in Mumbai
Traffic dodges a cow in Mumbai, India. Photo © Martin Roemers/Panos Pictures

The United Nations estimates that India's population grew at an annual rate of 1.43 per cent during 2005-10. In comparison, China registered a much lower annual growth rate of 0.7 per cent during corresponding period - almost on a par with the developed nation average.

Analysing the provisional Census, 2011 data, the Management Institute of Population and Development has quoted the Population Reference Bureau's 2010 estimates, which says that India has 1189 million people whereas China's has 1,338 million. Nearly 27 million children are born every year in India and only 16 million in China.

In the last 20 years, India's population has increased by more than 350 million, while China's has increased only by 210 million. With China successfully managing the population issue, it has been able to improve the rate of economic growth. “One fails to understand why some experts and policy makers have stated that India's population is its strength,” the analysts point out.