Reproductive Health : Glossary

There are 32 documents in this section.

  • Population Growth Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of persons added to (or subtracted from) a population in a year due to natural increase and net migration expressed as a percentage of the population at the beginning of the time period.

  • Population Momentum

    29 August 2000

    The tendency for population growth to continue beyond the time that replacement-level fertility has been achieved because of the relatively high concentration of people in the childbearing years.

  • Population Projection

    29 August 2000

    Computation of future changes in population numbers, given certain assumptions about future trends in the rates of fertility, mortality, and migration. Demographers often issue low, medium, and high projections of the same population, based on different assumptions of how these rates will change in the future.

  • Primary Health Care

    29 August 2000

    Essential health care which at the very least should include: education of the community regarding prevalent health problems and means of alleviating or preventing these; the promotion of adequate supplies of food and proper nutrition; basic sanitation and adequate safe water; maternal and child health care including family planning; the prevention and control of locally-endemic diseases; immunisation against the main infectious diseases; appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; and the provision of essential drugs.

  • Rate of Natural Increase (or Decrease)

    29 August 2000

    The rate at which a population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths, expressed as a percentage of the base population.

  • Replacement-Level Fertility

    29 August 2000

    The level of fertility at which a couple has only enough children to replace themselves, or about two children per couple.

  • Reproductive Health

    29 August 2000

    Reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes.

  • Sex Ratio

    29 August 2000

    The number of males per 100 females in a population.

  • Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

    29 August 2000

    Any infection transmitted by sexual intercourse. The most common STIs are gonorrhoea, chlamydia, herpes and AIDS.

  • Total Fertility Rate (TFR)

    29 August 2000

    The average number of children that would be born alive to a woman (or group of women) during her lifetime if she were to pass through her childbearing years conforming to the age-specific fertility rates of a given year. This rate is sometimes stated as the number of children women are having today.