Reproductive Health : Glossary

There are 32 documents in this section.

  • Birth Rate (or crude birth rate)

    29 August 2000

    The number of live births per 1,000 population in a given year. Not to be confused with population growth rate.

  • Carrying Capacity

    29 August 2000

    The maximum sustainable size of a resident population in a given ecosystem.

  • Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

    29 August 2000

    Percentage of couples currently using a contraceptive method.

  • Dependency Ratio

    29 August 2000

    The ratio of the economically dependent part of the population to the productive part; arbitrarily defined as the ratio of the elderly (ages 65 and older) plus the young (under age 15) to the population in the working ages (ages 15-64).

  • Fertility

    29 August 2000

    The actual reproductive performance of an individual, a couple, a group, or a population.

  • High-risk pregnancies

    29 August 2000

    Pregnancies occurring under the following conditions: too closely spaces, too frequent, mother too young or too old, or accompanied by such high-risk factors as high blood pressure or diabetes.

  • HIV

    29 August 2000

    Human immunodeficiency virus - the cause of AIDS.

  • Infant Mortality Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of deaths of infants under age 1 per 1,000 live births in a given year.

  • Maternal Mortality Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of women who die as a result of pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births in a given year.

  • Morbidity

    29 August 2000

    Rate of occurrence of disease or other health disorder within a population, taking account of the age specific morbidity rates. Health outcomes include: chronic disease incidence/prevalence, rates of hospitalisation, primary care consultations, disability-days (e.g. days when absent from work), and prevalence of symptoms.