Eco Tourism : Glossary

There are 48 documents in this section.

  • Sustainable tourism

    19 July 2001

    Tourism that does not degrade the environment or local cultures/societies.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • Tourists

    19 July 2001

    Holiday-makers, mainly (but no longer exclusively) from the West. The term is sometimes used to distinguish package tourists from independent travellers, but can be used to mean anyone going on holiday.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • Tribal peoples

    19 July 2001

    People living in close-knit social units based on kinship ties and shared belief systems. While most remaining tribal communities are indigenous, not all indigenous peoples still live tribally. (On the other hand, for example, many 'hill-tribes' in northern Thailand migrated there fairly recently from southern China, making them tribal but not indigenous to Thailand.) Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • World Tourism Organisation (WTO)

    19 July 2001

    A UN-affiliated organisation based in Madrid and comprising government and industry representatives, that compiles statistics and guidelines and promotes global tourism.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC)

    19 July 2001

    An organisation based in Brussels and London and made up of the chief executives of the world's largest travel companies, that lobbies on behalf of the tourism industry.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • Endangered species

    16 March 2001

    Species of plants or animals threatened with extinction because their numbers have declined to a critical level as a result of overharvesting or because their habitat has drastically changed. That critical level is the minimum viable population (MVP), and represents the smallest number of breeding pairs required to maintain the viability of species.

  • Ecology

    16 March 2001

    Originally defined by Ernst Haeckel in 1866, ecology is the study of the relationships that develop among living organisms and between these organisms and the environment.

  • Conservation (nature)

    9 March 2001

    Protection against irreversible destruction and other undesirable changes, including the management of human use of organisms or ecosystems to ensure such use is sustainable.