Green Industry : Glossary

There are 76 documents in this section.

  • Chlorofluorocarbons (CFSs)

    8 August 2001

    A class of synthetic chemicals, better known under the name of Freon, first manufactured in the 1930s and widely used as refrigerants, spray propellants, solvents, and blowing agents for plastic foam. Stable and inert at ground level, these chemicals drift to the stratosphere where the sun's rays break away the chlorine and fluorine atoms they contain, causing a series of reactions that result in the destruction of stratospheric ozone.

  • Code of practice

    8 August 2001

    A set of rules, criteria, values and/or beliefs by which an individual, business, agency, government department or organization chooses to live, work, and operate under.

  • Cogeneration

    8 August 2001

    A facility in which two or more forms of energy are generated simultaneously or interchangeably. Commonly, a cogeneration facility produces steam for an industrial or commercial process and uses some of the steam to turn a turbine that generates electricity. Another type of cogeneration arrangement combines several energy sources in a single facility to provide a mix of energy forms (heat, electricity, etc.) in varying proportions according to the needs of the energy users.

  • Dematerialization

    8 August 2001

    Shifting from selling products with intense use of resources to selling 'value-added' services.

  • Disincentives

    8 August 2001

    Mechanisms (e.g., regulations, fees, taxes, policies, or programs) which act as deterrents and discourage, or prevent, decisions, actions, or behaviours which are targeted and undesirable.

  • Ecosystem

    8 August 2001

    A community of plant and animal species that interact together along with their physical and chemical environment.

  • Ecology

    16 March 2001

    Originally defined by Ernst Haeckel in 1866, ecology is the study of the relationships that develop among living organisms and between these organisms and the environment.

  • Conservation (nature)

    9 March 2001

    Protection against irreversible destruction and other undesirable changes, including the management of human use of organisms or ecosystems to ensure such use is sustainable.

  • Photovoltaic (PV) cells

    6 November 2000

    Thin silicone wafers that convert any light, not only sunlight, directly into electricity.

  • Renewable resource

    6 November 2000

    A resource that is replaced at the rate which is faster than, or at least as fast as, it can be used. The oxygen (O) in the air, the plants and animals in the environment, the water in the hydrological system and energy from the sun are all renewable.