Green Industry : Glossary

There are 76 documents in this section.

  • Management

    26 September 2001

    The effective and efficient integration and coordination of resources (natural, financial, human) in order to achieve desired goals, objectives, and mandates. The style, tenets, criteria, and techniques used will define the management philosophy.

  • Market incentives

    26 September 2001

    Incentives which are directed at changing behaviour through the market economy. They can have a direct effect on the price or availability of a particular resource, good, or service.

  • Mitigation

    26 September 2001

    Techniques or requirements (e.g., conditions of development approval) aimed at reducing or neutralising identified negative environmental, economic, or social effects of a proposed activity, policy, or development.

  • Montreal Ozone Agreement

    26 September 2001

    An agreement signed by 24 nations in 1987 (and since then endorsed by more than 30 others), that set a timetable for the reduction of chlorofluocarbon and halon production levels by 50 per cent by the year 2000 to control damage to the ozone layer. The Montreal Ozone Agreement is considered a model of the global environmental diplomacy needed to address the more complex issue of the greenhouse effect.

  • National conservation strategies

    26 September 2001

    Plans that highlight country-level environmental priorities and opportunities for sustainable management of natural resources, following the example of the World Conservation Strategy published by the World Conservation Union (IUCN) in 1980. Though governments may support preparation for the strategies, they are not bound to follow IUCN's recommendations.

  • Negawatts

    26 September 2001

    A term coined by energy analyst Amory Lovins to signify that a unit of energy saved is exactly equivalent to an additional unit of energy supplied. If it is cheaper for a utility to save energy than to generate an equivalent amount of additional energy, the utility has more incentive to invest in negawatts than in megawatts.

  • Ozone

    26 September 2001

    An unstable and chemically-reactive gas containing three oxygen atoms, formed at high altitudes by the action of sunlight on molecular oxygen. Present at low concentration in the stratosphere, ozone absorbs ultraviolet radiation from the sun and reduces the amount of this damaging radiation that reaches the Earth's surface. Ozone is also formed at ground level - by the interaction of sunlight with exhaust gases from automobiles and industry, and by the action of sunlight on nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons-where it is a primary component of smog that aggravates breathing problems and damages plants.

  • Ozone hole

    26 September 2001

    A popular name given to a phenomenon discovered in 1987, when scientists measured unexpectedly low ozone concentrations in the stratosphere above the South Pole during the Antarctic spring. It is now generally accepted that the loss of stratospheric ozone is caused by chemical reactions initiated by chlorofluorocarbons.

  • Pollution

    26 September 2001

    An undesirable contaminate (gas, liquid, noise, solid) which has been released into, and is now a part of, the environment.

  • Right-to-know laws

    26 September 2001

    Regulations that require the disclosure of information about hazardous materials used, stored, emitted, or disposed of in a community, when requested by local authorities or citizens.