Green Industry : Glossary

There are 76 documents in this section.

  • Subsidy

    23 May 2002

    A financial benefit or form of assistance given to producers (e.g., grants, loans, tax allowances)which enables them to sell or export goods at less than their costs of production, thus creating unfair competition.

  • World Commission on Environment and Development

    23 May 2002

    Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1983 to examine international and global environmental problems and to propose strategies for sustainable development. Chaired by Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland, the independent commission held meetings and public hearing around the world and submitted a report on its inquiry to the General Assembly in 1987.

  • Sustainable development

    23 May 2002

    Sustainable development has as many definitions as subscribers. In essence, it refers to economic development that meets the needs of all without leaving future generations with fewer natural resources than those we enjoy today. It is widely accepted that achieving sustainable development requires balance between three dimensions of complementary change:

    • Economic (towards sustainable patterns of production and consumption)

    • Ecological (towards maintenance and restoration of healthy ecosystems)

    • Social (towards poverty eradication and sustainable livelihoods)

  • World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD)

    23 May 2002

    The World Summit on Sustainable Development takes place from 26 August - 4 September 2002 in Johannesburg, South Africa. Governments, UN agencies, and civil society organisations will come together to assess progress since the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio in 1992 (hence the title 'Rio + 10' for the Johannesburg meeting).

    Sustainable development is defined in the report from the Rio meeting as being 'economic progress which meets all of our needs without leaving future generations with fewer resources than those we enjoy'.

  • Industrial revolution

    26 September 2001

    A historical transition that began in England in the eighteenth century, when the use of coal both in steam engines and for iron smelting enormously increased industrial output. Industrial technologies and the use of fossil fuels quickly spread to other nations, generated unprecedented industrial growth, and changed fundamentally the human use of resources and impact on the local and global environment.

  • Industrialization

    26 September 2001

    A development path based on expanding a country's capacity to process raw materials and manufacture products for consumers, businesses, and export. This approach to development, first seen in northern Europe in the Industrial Revolution typically entails heavy financial investment in factories and power plants and a rapidly growing demand for energy, particularly fossil fuels.

  • Innovation

    26 September 2001

    The use of a new idea, material, or technology to change an activity, development, good, or service or the way goods and services are produced, distributed, or disposed of.

  • Integrated waste management

    26 September 2001

    A strategy that employs several waste management methods, usually in the following order of preference: source reduction, recycling and reuse, incineration, and disposal in landfills.

  • Landfill

    26 September 2001

    A site designated for disposal of solid or chemical wastes by burial. It may be essentially an open pit or a highly-engineered facility that includes special linings to prevent wastes from leaking into water supplies.

  • Liability

    26 September 2001

    An obligation to do or refrain from doing something. The responsibility for ones own actions and responsibility for the adverse effects they may have on third parties, including financial responsibilities.