Population Pressures : Glossary

There are 74 documents in this section.

  • Life expectancy

    24 November 2004

    The average number of additional years a person could expect to live if current mortality trends were to continue for the rest of that person's life. Commonly cited as life expectancy at birth, or average life expectancy at birth for whole populations .

  • Child mortality rate

    24 September 2003

    The number of deaths among children under 5 years old per 1,000 children in the same age group.

  • Environment

    23 May 2002

    A combination of the various physical and biological elements that affect the life of an organism. Although it is common to refer to 'the' environment, there are in fact many environments eg, aquatic or terrestrial, microscopic to global, all capable of change in time and place, but all intimately linked and in combination constituting the whole earth/atmosphere system.

  • Developed countries/nations/world

    23 May 2002

    See the West.

  • Developing countries/nations/world

    23 May 2002

    The world's less wealthy nations, mostly former colonies: ie most of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the South Pacific. Also sometimes referred to as the South.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • Fair trade

    23 May 2002

    Equitable, non-exploitative trade between developing world suppliers and Western consumers.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.

  • Multinational corporation

    23 May 2002

    See transnational corporation.

  • North, the

    23 May 2002

    See the West.

  • South, the

    23 May 2002

    See developing countries.

  • Third World, the

    23 May 2002

    Now generally referred to as either developing countries or the South.Source: The Community Tourism Guide by Mark Mann, published by Earthscan Publications, London, 2001.