Population Pressures : Glossary

There are 74 documents in this section.

  • High-risk pregnancies

    29 August 2000

    Pregnancies occurring under the following conditions: too closely spaces, too frequent, mother too young or too old, or accompanied by such high-risk factors as high blood pressure or diabetes.

  • HIV

    29 August 2000

    Human immunodeficiency virus - the cause of AIDS.

  • Infant Mortality Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of deaths of infants under age 1 per 1,000 live births in a given year.

  • Maternal Mortality Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of women who die as a result of pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births in a given year.

  • Morbidity

    29 August 2000

    Rate of occurrence of disease or other health disorder within a population, taking account of the age specific morbidity rates. Health outcomes include: chronic disease incidence/prevalence, rates of hospitalisation, primary care consultations, disability-days (e.g. days when absent from work), and prevalence of symptoms.

  • Population Growth Rate

    29 August 2000

    The number of persons added to (or subtracted from) a population in a year due to natural increase and net migration expressed as a percentage of the population at the beginning of the time period.

  • Population Momentum

    29 August 2000

    The tendency for population growth to continue beyond the time that replacement-level fertility has been achieved because of the relatively high concentration of people in the childbearing years.

  • Population Projection

    29 August 2000

    Computation of future changes in population numbers, given certain assumptions about future trends in the rates of fertility, mortality, and migration. Demographers often issue low, medium, and high projections of the same population, based on different assumptions of how these rates will change in the future.

  • Primary Health Care

    29 August 2000

    Essential health care which at the very least should include: education of the community regarding prevalent health problems and means of alleviating or preventing these; the promotion of adequate supplies of food and proper nutrition; basic sanitation and adequate safe water; maternal and child health care including family planning; the prevention and control of locally-endemic diseases; immunisation against the main infectious diseases; appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries; and the provision of essential drugs.

  • Rate of Natural Increase (or Decrease)

    29 August 2000

    The rate at which a population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths, expressed as a percentage of the base population.