Forests : Glossary

There are 40 documents in this section.

  • Biodiversity

    12 August 2000

    The term biological diversity, or biodiversity, refers collectively to the full range of species, genes and ecosystems in a given place.

  • Boreal forests

    12 August 2000

    This refers to the belt of northern forests which stretch across North America and from Scandanavia to far eastern Siberia, mainly comprised of coniferous trees, such as spruce, fir and larch.

  • Clear-felling

    12 August 2000

    The removal of an entire stand of trees from an area of forest: also known as clear-cutting.

  • Deforestation

    12 August 2000

    The conversion of forest lands to alternative uses such as cropland or human settlement.

  • Ecosystem

    12 August 2000

    A complex of living organisms and their surrounding environment.

  • Endemic

    12 August 2000

    The word endemic describes organisms native to a certain region, with restricted distributions. In other words - they are found no where else on earth.

  • Forest biomass

    12 August 2000

    The above-ground organic matter contained in trees.

  • Forest certification

    12 August 2000

    A means to assure consumers that wood products originate from sustainably managed forests. The certfication process involves the evaluation of a landowner's forestry practices by an independent third party according to strict environmental and socio-economic standards. The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) has received broad support from environmental organisations for the certification standards they have developed. Wood products meeting these criteria bear the FSC-certified logo.

  • Forest concession

    12 August 2000

    A lease or contract for the extraction and use of forest resources within a specified time period.

  • Forest decline

    12 August 2000

    A term encompassing both deforestation and degradation.