London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste

Posted: 25 August 2004

The 1996 Protocol to the 1972 London Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and Other Matter aims to control all sources of marine pollution. The London Convention focuses primarily on the dumping at sea of wastes generated on land. It includes a black list of substances for which dumping is prohibited and a grey list for which dumping may be authorised by permit. All other materials can be dumped in the ocean. The 1996 Protocol, when in force, will replace the outmoded 1972 Convention. The revised text embraces strong precautionary language in its general obligations; urges parties to consider the polluter-pays principle; and calls for waste prevention audits to carefully assess alternatives to dumping.