Coastal populations

Posted: 18 February 2008

With the exception of sub-Saharan Africa and parts of parts of Central and South Asia, coastal populations are growing at a faster rate than those further inland:

  • Of Asia's total population of 4 billion, 60 per cent live within 400 km of a coast. The region's coastal states have a total population of around 521 million (in 2006).

  • About 3.2 billion people - slightly less than half of the world's population - lives within 200 km of a coast, occupying only 10 per cent of the earth's land surface.

  • In Latin America, the most urbanized of the developing regions, three-quarters of the entire population - 382 million - live within 200 km of a seacoast.